ʔal
in/at; locative preposition
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
    ʔal
in/at; locative preposition
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
haʔkʷ
ago; past; ago; for a long time
  gʷәl
and; sequential conjunction; sentiential adverb, topicalizes
  xʷiʔ
not; predicate adverb
  gʷә-
subjunctive; inflectional subjunctive prefix indicating doubt, events contrary to fact, that which is uncertainly known
tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
lәx̌
light; verb. be visible through illumination
-il
become; derivational suffix: reach or achieve state or position
.
period; formatting character
    G
In the distant past there was no daylight.
  G
in remote long.ago, in remote long.ago for a long time, there was no daylight
 
tiʔәʔ
this; proximal adjectival demonstrative
  swatixʷtәd
land; -
  gʷәl
and; sequential conjunction; sentiential adverb, topicalizes
  t(u)-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
as-
stative; prefix of stative aspect
bәsad
grow dark;
  ʔal
in/at; locative preposition
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
haʔkʷ
ago; past; ago; for a long time
.
period; formatting character
    G
this land, it was dark in the remote long.ago
 
tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
xʷ-
container [derivational prefix]; # compare dx?- permeate
(h)ad-had
ʔәhad: talk, reduplicative 3; -
-әxʷ
now, new situation; =
  tiʔәʔ
this; proximal adjectival demonstrative
  aciłta[l]bixʷ
people;
    gʷә-
subjunctive; inflectional subjunctive prefix indicating doubt, events contrary to fact, that which is uncertainly known
s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
čal
how;
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  gʷә-
subjunctive; inflectional subjunctive prefix indicating doubt, events contrary to fact, that which is uncertainly known
dәxʷ-
means by which; inflectional suffix
kʷәd
get;
-(d)әxʷ
loss of control; transitive suffix expressing lack of control
-cәł
our/we/us; 1st peson plural predicate particle; possessive particle
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
lәx̌
light; verb. be visible through illumination
-il
become; derivational suffix: reach or achieve state or position
.
period; formatting character
    G
now.there.was.talk this people, they, by.what.means, uncertain means, can we get distant daylight?
     
ʔaʔ
there; be there; be in existence; be there in time or space
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
lәx̌
light; verb. be visible through illumination
-il
become; derivational suffix: reach or achieve state or position
  ʔal
in/at; locative preposition
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  q'xʷ
located upstream, up;
-ulgʷәdxʷ
land; lexical suffix
  gʷәl
and; sequential conjunction; sentiential adverb, topicalizes
  ʔәs-
stative; prefix of stative aspect
čal
how;
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  gʷә-
subjunctive; inflectional subjunctive prefix indicating doubt, events contrary to fact, that which is uncertainly known
dәxʷ-
means by which; inflectional suffix
kʷәd
get;
-(d)әxʷ
loss of control; transitive suffix expressing lack of control
-cәł
our/we/us; 1st peson plural predicate particle; possessive particle
.
period; formatting character
    G
there.is.daylight.in the.upriver.country how.do.we.get.it?
 

tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
huyu
do, make, prepare something; get ready, prepare for;
-cut
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves; reflexive suffix, from -t-sut
-әxʷ
now, new situation; =
  tiʔәʔ
this; proximal adjectival demonstrative
  sә+sali
two; reduplicative 4
  lәgʷ-lәgʷ-әb
youth, young man; reduplicative 2
.
period; formatting character
  G
they.now.prepared.themselves these.two.young.men.
 
tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
ca'ʔgʷa
wash;
-cut
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves; reflexive suffix, from -t-sut
-әxʷ
now, new situation; =
.
period; formatting character
  G
they.now.washed.themselves.
 
tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
huyu
do, make, prepare something; get ready, prepare for;
-cut
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves; reflexive suffix, from -t-sut
  hәlgʷa
they, them, their, theirs (optional, for emphasis); 3rd person plural predicate particle
  dxʷʔal
toward, until; (possibly composed from dxʷ + al)
  s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
xʷәʔaʔxʷәʔ
light weight, lightfooted;
-s
third person possesive suffix;
  gʷә-
subjunctive; inflectional subjunctive prefix indicating doubt, events contrary to fact, that which is uncertainly known
s-
nominalize; Hess: nominalize; Kinkade: continuative aspect; convert process to entity; causes a verb to hold still
u-
action viewed in its entirety; verbal inflectional prefix of perfective aspect
tәlawil
run, especially for a sustained period;
-s
third person possesive suffix;
  hәlgʷa
they, them, their, theirs (optional, for emphasis); 3rd person plural predicate particle
.
period; formatting character
  G
prepared.themselves.they.did towards.their.light-footed swift.running
   
tiʔәʔ
this; proximal adjectival demonstrative
  kaw'qs
raven;
  ʔi
and;
  tiʔәʔ
this; proximal adjectival demonstrative
  bibsčәb
mink;
  kʷi
remote; adjectival demonstrative for remote, hypothetical, or non-existent entities
  tu-
past; inflectional past prefix, past time, especially the remote past
huyu
do, make, prepare something; get ready, prepare for;
-cut
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves; reflexive suffix, from -t-sut
.
period; formatting character